GREEN Energy is energy that can be extracted, generated, and/or consumed without any significant negative impact to the environment. The planet has a natural capability to recover which means pollution that does not go beyond that capability can still be termed green. Green power is a subset of renewable green energy and represents those renewable energy resources and technologies that provide the highest environmental benefit. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency defines green power as electricity produced from solar, wind, geothermal, biogas, biomass, and low-impact small hydroelectric sources. Customers in developed countries often buy green power to avoid environmental impacts and its greenhouse gas reduction benefits.
The significance of green energy is that it is sustainable; hence its demand is increasing day by day. However, challenges related to it are also rising along with growing demand. Due to this burgeoning demand for energy and increasing cost competitiveness of renewable sources of energy vis-a-vis conventional sources will see the ‘global green energy renewables’ industry double in the span of ten years experts suggest.
It is expected that use of renewable green energy, particularly wind and biomass but not excluding photovoltaic, to expand significantly, as these sources are now cost-competitive with coal, gas and other traditional sources. Green energy is fast becoming an essential part of a diversified energy supply portfolio.
Power shortages and energy security are both critical issues for Pakistan’s rapidly growing economy. Wind is already cost-competitive with heavily subsidized fossil fuel-based energy in several countries and its competitive position will only improve over time. In Pakistan there is a growing need for an effective national energy policy, coordination amongst key stakeholders across the provinces, investments in the grid and policy stability for wind power to fulfill its potential in Pakistan.
Fauji Fertilizer Company Energy Limited (FFCEL) is developing Pakistan’s first 50-Megawatt wind energy project at Jhampir, District Thatta, Sindh. In the past couple of years Pakistan has emerged as a significant green energy player especially in the wind power market. FFCEL has played a pioneering and leading role in developing Pakistan’s growing wind power sector. In June 2011, FFCEL took the initiative and became Pakistan’s first green energy wind power electricity generation company to achieve Financial Close. The company has set new standards and benchmarks in establishing Pakistan’s growing wind power sector.
FFCEL Wind Power Project will become Pakistan’s first grid connected wind power project. This Fast Track Project, once operational, shall provide clean sustainable energy and help address the electricity shortage in the country.
Construction work at the site commenced from July, 2011 and the project has achieved 99% completion target to date. All the wind turbines and electrical equipment required to set up the wind farm have already arrived at the site and have been successfully installed and commissioned. Major civil works comprising turbine foundations, substation, workshop, dormitory and roads have also been completed.
Commissioning of the whole facility is scheduled to commence in coming weeks. It is expected that the company will achieve Commercial Operation Date by end of December, 2012. Market forces are helping to drive the growth of renewable green energy worldwide and in Pakistan.
Recently the Alternative Energy Development Board (AEDB) and Foundation Wind Energy have recently entered into implementation agreements for the establishment of two wind power projects having 50MW capacity each in Gharo. Both the projects are being installed with a cumulative of forty Nordex Wind Turbines each having a capacity of 2.5 MW. The combined total energy output of both the projects is approximately 288 GwH per annum.